EU Blue Card; Issuance
The EU Blue Card is a distinct residence title for the pursuit of highly qualified gainful employment. Access to the labor market has been made easier for non-EU citizens with an academic or equivalent level of qualification seeking to take up gainful employment in Germany.
Notably to encourage the immigration of highly qualified professionals to pursue gainful employment in Germany, the EU Blue Card was introduced on August 1st, 2012.
The EU Blue Card is a residence title which largely corresponds to a residence permit, which is why the regulations applicable to residence permits shall also be applied to EU Blue Cards on a regular basis.
EU Blue Cards are available to foreign nationals who have successfully completed a university degree program. In cases where a foreign national's university degree is not a degree awarded by a German university, the degree either has to have been officially recognized or has to be comparable to a German university degree. Recognition or establishment of comparability may even be done before entering Germany.
As the second prerequisite for award of an EU blue Card, the foreign national needs to present either an employment contract or a binding job offer paying a specific minimum salary. The minimum salary level is set annually and can be obtained from the internet offerings by the German Federal Department of the Interior (see "Related Links"). For 2016 the minimum salary level is 49,600 EUR. In cases where the minimum salary level is reached, the EU Blue Card may also be awarded without the German Federal Employment Agency's (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) consent.
For the understaffed professions (natural scientists, engineers, physicians, academically trained IT professionals), a lower salary level has been stipulated. For 2016 this minimum salary level is 38,688 EUR. In these cases, however, the German Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) will check whether the conditions of employment actually correspond to those of comparable German employees.
The EU Blue Card is a temporary residence title which in the cases of unlimited work contracts will initially be limited to four (4) years maximum. In cases where the duration of a foreign national's work contract is less than four (4) years, the EU Blue Card will be issued for the term of the employment contract plus an additional three (3) months. During the first two (2) years of a foreign national's employment, every job change has to be approved in writing by the Aliens Department.
The spouses of EU Blue Card holders are entitled to the issuance of a residence permit. This residence allows them to take up gainful employment.
After 33 months of highly qualified professional employment, or after only 21 months thereof in cases where proof of adequate proficiency in the German language can be established, EU Blue Card holders have the option of obtaining a permanent settlement permit.
After 18 months of being in possession of an EU Blue Card, foreign nationals are entitled, together with their family members, to relocate to another EU Member State (with the exception of Denmark, Ireland and Great Britain) and to apply for an EU Blue Card allowing them to pursue gainful employment in that country.
Applications for the EU Blue Card have to be submitted to the competent immigration authoritiy.
Foreign nationals will be granted an EU Blue Card if
- they have a German university degree, or a recognized foreign university degree, or a foreign university degree comparable to a German university degree
- the German Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) has either given its consent or if it has been established that the EU Blue Card can be granted without the German Federal Employment Agency's consent, and
- if the foreign national is paid a certain minimum salary set forth by official ordinance.
- Valid passport
- Current biometric photo (front shot)
- Supporting documents evidencing compliance with the passport or visa requirement
- Supporting documents evidencing medical insurance coverage
- Supporting documents evidencing a university degree
- Supporting documents evidencing actual employment or a job offer
If necessary, you may be required to produce additional documents
The documents to be presented may vary greatly. Please find out more details from your competent Aliens Department (Ausländerbehörde). As a general rule, the documents listed above will be required (among others).
Up to one (1) year of validity: 100 Euros
More than one (1) year of validity: 110 Euros
Renewal for up to three (3) months: 65 Euros
Renewal by more than three (3) months: 80 Euros
Cost exemptions or cost reductions may be granted under certain conditions.
- Legal bases, Bavaria-wide: § 19a Gesetz über den Aufenthalt, die Erwerbstätigkeit und die Integration von Ausländern im Bundesgebiet (Aufenthaltsgesetz - AufenthG)
Legal bases, Bavaria-wide:
§ 45 Aufenthaltsverordnung (AufenthV)
Gebühren für die Aufenthaltserlaubnis und die Blaue Karte EU
Legal bases, Bavaria-wide:
Richtlinie 2009/50/EG des Rates über die Bedingungen für die Einreise und den Aufenthalt von Drittstaatsangehörigen zur Ausübung einer hochqualifizierten Beschäftigung [File format: pdf]
Fassung vom 18. Juni 2009
Administrative court action
- Residence permit; Issuing and Renewal
- Residence title; Issuance of an electronic residence title
- Ausländer; Erwerbstätigkeit
- Ausländer; Integration
- Daueraufenthalt-EU; Beantragung der Erlaubnis
- Freizügigkeit von Arbeitnehmer
- Nationales Visum; Beantragung und Verlängerung
- Permanent settlement permit; Issuance
Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium des Innern, für Bau und Verkehr