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Adult adoption; application

If you wish to adopt a person of full age, you and the person to be adopted can apply for this at the competent family court.

Description

The adoption of an adult as a child (adoption) is pronounced by the family court on application by the adopter(s) and the person(s) to be adopted.

An adult may be adopted as a child if the adoption is morally justified. This is to be assumed in particular if a parent-child relationship has already arisen between the adopter and the adoptee.

Adoption by adults is in principle designed as an adoption with weak effects, i.e. the relationship of the adopter to his or her natural family is not completely severed. Under certain conditions, however, it can also be pronounced as a full adoption, which leads to almost complete integration into the family of the adopter(s).

The application for the adoption of a pre-adult and the necessary consents must be declared before the family court. The district court family court in whose district the adopting party or one of the adopting spouses has his or her habitual residence is generally competent.

Prerequisites

You may adopt a person of full age as a child if the adoption is morally justified.

  • This is the case if a parent-child relationship has already been established.
  • This can be assumed, for example, if
    • the person to be adopted has already lived in your family as a minor child and
    • legal reasons have prevented the adoption.
      Example: The natural parents refused to consent to the adoption while the adoptee was a minor.

The application of the adopter and the adoptee must be notarized.

The notarized declarations of consent of the following persons are also required:

  • Adopting party (adoptive parents)
  • Adopted
  • Spouse of the adopter(s)
  • Spouse of the adopted person

Procedure

You must submit the required documents to the family court as notarised declarations.

  • You can also commission a notary to submit the documents.
  • If you have children of your own, the court will consider whether their overriding interests conflict with the adoption.
  • This could be the case if the following claims would be unreasonably diminished:
    • Maintenance claims
    • Inheritance claims
  • Even if the adopter has children of his or her own, the court will examine whether their overriding interests conflict with the adoption. Therefore, the children of both parties have a right to be heard.
  • If the requirements for an adult adoption are met, the court pronounces the adoption of the adult by order.

Deadlines

none

Processing time

Due to the prescribed procedure, usually at least 3 months; however, this depends on the individual case.

Required documents

  • Required document, Bavaria-wide: written, notarised application by the accepting party and the person to be accepted
  • Required document, Bavaria-wide: written, notarized consent forms from the following individuals:

    • Adopters (adoptive parents)
    • Adopted
    • Spouse of the adopting person
    • Spouse of the adopted person

Fees

  • Costs for notarial certification
  • Court costs

Legal bases

Remedy

  • Adoption order itself: in principle not contestable, only if necessary annulment proceedings, notice of hearing or constitutional complaint.
  • Rejection of the adoption as well as decisions accompanying the adoption: if applicable, complaint

Related issues

Status: 08.06.2021

Responsible for editing: Bayerisches Staatsministerium der Justiz

Contains machine translated content. Show the original content

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